We have come to a very crucial crossroad as the forthcoming decade of the 2020s is likely to spare no mercy on traditions and cultures. Primarily because of the cataclysmic changes brought about by the pandemic and rise in AI and Technology, which has almost become oxygen for humans, and is an essential survival kit.
There is no denying that there was technology earlier as well but it had not reached a crossroads where humans had no other choice. Today it has become a necessary infrastructure and it governs literally all aspects of our life. Under the present dynamics, the future is going to be more tech-savvy obviously.
Teaching methodologies, hence have completely overhauled and a complete revolution in the teaching industry is just around the corner. It’s about time that we should better be able to understand what teaching methodologies we have to opt from and how technology plays a role.
Let’s crack the teaching methodology matrix into four core dimensions. According to Lathan (2021) from University of San Diego, dimensions of the teaching methodologies include low technology and teacher centered dimension, low technology and student-centered dimension, high technology and teacher centered dimension, and finally, we have high technology and student-centered dimension.
The present article will discuss what teaching methodologies are accessible under these respective heads.
LOW TECH/ TEACHER CENTERED
Direct Instruction: A very straight forward teacher centered technique where by students are given direct instruction by their supervisors, professors or teachers. They are formally called to attend lectures and feedback is collected through short quizzes, viva voce and tests.
Kinesthetic Learning: Kinesthetic learning is low tech and teacher centered technique. However they differ from direct instruction as this type of learning is more interactive and experienced based rather than simple instructions.
This method of teaching requires students to participate, make or create. They are asked to perform physically, demonstrate what they have learned, role playing and use of drama and sports to inculcate knowledge.
HIGH TECH/ TEACHER CENTERED
Flipped Classrooms: What generally happens is that students are given lectures and are asked to complete assignments at home. However, in flipped classrooms, teachers pre-record their lectures and students are asked to watch those lectures at home while they complete the assignment in classes before the teacher.
One of the key advantages of this technique is that it allows a student to work on their own pace. Also, teachers can allocate different lectures to different student based on their pace and requirement.
LOW TECH/ STUDENT CENTERED
Differentiated Learning: This type of learning is mostly student centered and it aims to facilitate different kinds of learners. This method aims to focus on individual student needs and it is mostly implemented by the teacher.
There are numerous aspects as to how to facilitate different kinds of learners, nd they include how learners access resources, the types of activities students are assigned to master a concept, what the end product of learning looks like and how the classroom is setup.
Expeditionary Learning: These are very interesting type of teaching methodology. This is a project based learning in which students go on real time expeditions and engage in in-depth study of topics that impact society.
This method includes experiencing real time issues and how to initiate a problem solving matrix.
HIGH TECH/ STUDENT CENTERED
Personalized Learning: Teachers and student mutually agree on a customized learning plan considering the specific needs and resources that are available. A unique thing about personalized learning is that assessment is also tailored to the individual.
Usually students are assessed using competency based progression, which means that student is progressed to next level only when they have mastered what they are currently working on.
Game-Based Learning: This methodology is a more practical approach to student centered learning. Students are trained against problem solving and soft skills. Through games students are made ready for competition as they build on a mastery mindset rather just focusing on grades.
However, game based learning are extremely student centered and teachers have to invest a lot of time in planning games and activities which yield specific learning outcome.
Inquiry Based Learning: In this type of learning methodology teachers play a role of a supporting actor. This means they only come into the picture when the student has an inquiry.
Teacher usually plays three distinctive roles namely: facilitator, Personal Model and Delegator. Teachers encourage students to be a good observer of the world around them and require them to research and produce deductions and conclusions about their studies.
The time has arrived; it’s no more a future fantasy. Technology has crystalized into our reality and they will certainly alter the way we approach life functions. Hence, teaching industry will see as much of a revolution as other industries.
In the above mentioned paragraph we have discussed various teaching methodologies that we will have to adopt. As these methodologies has already become a norm.
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